Archive for April, 2008

A fault runs through it: Montclair

22 April 2008

montclair sag pond

The Hayward fault runs through the heart of Montclair, in the Oakland hills behind Piedmont. Montclair Park’s duck pond was constructed where the fault left a natural sag in the ground.

Only in seismologists’ equations, and perhaps deep down in the crust, are faults smooth, flat planes. In the world, on the surface, faults are as ragged and variable as any other geological feature. The Hayward fault is more of a zone, from a few to a hundred meters in width, with several fractures running through it. Where two strands overlap, a block of ground between them may slump in tension or rise in compression, depending on how the strands are oriented. At Montclair Park, two strands are mapped on either side of the sag basin. Lake Temescal is another example of a sag basin repurposed as a water feature. So, apparently, is Lake Aliso, the pond on the grounds of Mills College.

The first “great San Francisco earthquake” occurred 21 October 1868 on the Hayward fault. The epicenter appears to have been in southern San Leandro, and surface rupture extended from there all the way down to Fremont. In Montclair, the other direction along the fault, there was plenty of shaking of course, but no rupture of the ground from what we can tell. A trenching study, conducted along the third-base line of the little ballfield in Montclair Park, found no sign of recent movement along the fault there. But slow, silent motion does affect the fault in Montclair. The old fire station on Moraga Avenue has been rendered useless by aseismic creep, and some of the houses along the fault appear to show foundation disruption. But generally creep is invisible unless there is some structure that it affects, like the south curb of Medau Place, below. South of here, the fault crosses Route 13, reaching the other side at the head of Dimond Canyon.

hayward fault montclair

The high knocker, Mountain View Cemetery

20 April 2008

knocker

This knocker can be hard to find. It’s two roads up from Millionaires’ Row and to the south, but its bay-facing side is obscured by trees. I took this photo in 2003; today I could barely see it from the road, and I knew where to look. It’s mostly chert. I’m calling it the high knocker because it’s the tallest one in the cemetery; at least two others are higher on the hill.

If you approach this rock, beware of poison oak.


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